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 Chilling Effects Clearinghouse > DMCA Notices > Notices > IFPI DMCA (Copyright) Complaint to Google (NoticeID 33848, Printer-friendly version

IFPI DMCA (Copyright) Complaint to Google

February 04, 2010


Sender Information:
Sent by:
Head of Internet Anti-Piracy

London, UK

Recipient Information:

Google, Inc. [Blogger]

Mountain View, CA, USA

Sent via: email
Re: C26859


Dear Sir/Madam,

I am contacting you on behalf of the International Federation of the
Phonographic Industry (IFPI) and the record companies it represents. The
IFPI is a trade association that represents over 1,400 major and independent
record companies in the US and internationally who create, manufacture and
distribute sound recordings (the “IFPI Represented Companies”).

Under penalty of perjury, we submit that we are authorized to act on behalf
of the IFPI Represented Companies in matters involving the infringement of
their sound recordings, including enforcing their copyrights and common law
rights on the Internet.

We have learned that your service is hosting the above web sites on your
network. These sites are offering direct links to files containing sound
recordings for other users to download. The copyright in these sound
recordings is owned or exclusively controlled by certain IFPI Represented

We have a good faith belief that the above-described activity is not
authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.

We assert that the information in this notification is accurate, based upon
the data available to us.

We are asking for your immediate assistance in stopping this unauthorized
activity. Specifically, we request that you remove the infringing links
from your system or that you disable access to the infringing links, and
that you inform the site operator(s) of the illegality of his or her

We also note that under Google’s Blogger DMCA Policy, Google will, in
appropriate circumstances, terminate the accounts of repeat infringers and
that under the Blogger Content Policy Google reserves the right to terminate
accounts that are used for unlawful purposes.

Our top priority is to prevent the continued availability of the IFPI
Represented Companies’ content on the internet. Unauthorized copies of
sound recordings that are freely available, especially pre-release
recordings, cause substantial damage to the IFPI Represented Companies every
hour and day they remain available. In sending this notice we are seeking
to ensure that infringing content is removed from the internet as quickly as
possible through your cooperation. However, please note that we do not
admit that we or the IFPI Represented Companies are responsible for
detecting infringing material and notifying you of it.

Our use of a notice in this form, as required by Google, is meant to
facilitate Google’s removal of the infringing material listed above and we
neither admit nor accept that Google is a 'service provider' for the
purposes of the DMCA or that it is necessary to serve, or that Google is
entitled to be served, a notice in compliance with the DMCA. IFPI itself
and on behalf of the IFPI Represented Companies expressly reserves all
rights in this regard.

In addition, this notice does not constitute a waiver of any right to
recover damages incurred by virtue of any unauthorised activities described
in this notice, and such rights as well as claims for other relief are
hereby expressly reserved.

You may contact me at IFPI Secretariat, [redacted], London W1J 0DD,
United Kingdom or email [redacted], to discuss this notice.

Please note that we have submitted a signature to be placed on file with

We await your response.

Yours faithfully


Director, Internet Anti-Piracy





United Kingdom

Email: [redacted]


FAQ: Questions and Answers

[back to notice text]

Question: Why does a search engine get DMCA takedown notices for materials in its search listings?

Answer: Many copyright claimants are making complaints under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Section 512(d), a safe-harbor for providers of "information location tools." These safe harbors give providers immunity from liability for users' possible copyright infringement -- if they "expeditiously" remove material when they get complaints. Whether or not the provider would have been liable for infringement by users' materials it links to, the provider can avoid the possibility of a lawsuit for money damages by following the DMCA's takedown procedure when it gets a complaint. The person whose information was removed can file a counter-notification if he or she believes the complaint was erroneous.

Question: What does a service provider have to do in order to qualify for safe harbor protection?

Answer: In addition to informing its customers of its policies (discussed above), a service provider must follow the proper notice and takedown procedures (discussed above) and also meet several other requirements in order to qualify for exemption under the safe harbor provisions.

In order to facilitate the notification process in cases of infringement, ISPs which allow users to store information on their networks, such as a web hosting service, must designate an agent that will receive the notices from copyright owners that its network contains material which infringes their intellectual property rights. The service provider must then notify the Copyright Office of the agent's name and address and make that information publicly available on its web site. [512(c)(2)]

Finally, the service provider must not have knowledge that the material or activity is infringing or of the fact that the infringing material exists on its network. [512(c)(1)(A)], [512(d)(1)(A)]. If it does discover such material before being contacted by the copyright owners, it is instructed to remove, or disable access to, the material itself. [512(c)(1)(A)(iii)], [512(d)(1)(C)]. The service provider must not gain any financial benefit that is attributable to the infringing material. [512(c)(1)(B)], [512(d)(2)].

Question: What are the provisions of 17 U.S.C. Section 512(c)(3) & 512(d)(3)?

Answer: Section 512(c)(3) sets out the elements for notification under the DMCA. Subsection A (17 U.S.C. 512(c)(3)(A)) states that to be effective a notification must include: 1) a physical/electronic signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the infringed right; 2) identification of the copyrighted works claimed to have been infringed; 3) identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing or to be the subject of infringing activity and that is to be removed; 4) information reasonably sufficient to permit the service provider to contact the complaining party (e.g., the address, telephone number, or email address); 5) a statement that the complaining party has a good faith belief that use of the material is not authorized by the copyright owner; and 6) a statement that information in the complaint is accurate and that the complaining party is authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner. Subsection B (17 U.S.C. 512(c)(3)(B)) states that if the complaining party does not substantially comply with these requirements the notice will not serve as actual notice for the purpose of Section 512.

Section 512(d)(3), which applies to "information location tools" such as search engines and directories, incorporates the above requirements; however, instead of the identification of the allegedly infringing material, the notification must identify the reference or link to the material claimed to be infringing.

Question: Does a service provider have to follow the safe harbor procedures?

Answer: No. An ISP may choose not to follow the DMCA takedown process, and do without the safe harbor. If it would not be liable under pre-DMCA copyright law (for example, because it is not contributorily or vicariously liable, or because there is no underlying copyright infringement), it can still raise those same defenses if it is sued.

Question: How do I file a DMCA counter-notice?

Answer: If you believe your material was removed because of mistake or misidentification, you can file a "counter notification" asking the service provider to put it back up. Chilling Effects offers a form to build your own counter-notice.

For more information on the DMCA Safe Harbors, see the FAQs on DMCA Safe Harbor. For more information on Copyright and defenses to copyright infringement, see Copyright.

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